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involves 10 classroom sessions designed to shift adolescent gender-based expectations and behavior and is one of very few school-based programs that have shown reductions in PDV longitudinally.

Eligible schools had general student populations and the agreement of principals to conduct randomization, teacher training, delivery of the assigned intervention, evaluation, and restriction of similar programs during delivery.

Schools that participated in the development phase of the program (2001-2003) were ineligible.

Relationship skills to promote safer decision making with peers and dating partners were emphasized.

Control schools targeted similar objectives without training or materials.

Dating violence was addressed in the context of overlapping areas of risk behaviors (sexual activity, substance use, and peer violence) by the emphasis on core relationship issues and pressures in early adolescence and by teaching the necessary skills to promote safer decision making with peers and dating partners.

The program was timed to capitalize on the natural interest and motivation of youths to learn about lifestyle issues, a factor deemed essential in health promotion efforts with youths.

The PDV was greater in control vs intervention students (9.8% vs 7.4%; adjusted odds ratio, 2.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-6.02; P = .05).

A significant group × sex interaction effect indicated that the intervention effect was greater in boys (PDV: 7.1% in controls vs 2.7% in intervention students) than in girls (12.1% vs 11.9%).

All students enrolled in the required Grade 9 Health and Physical Education curriculum were eligible to participate.

This study was conducted in compliance with the research ethics boards of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and The University of Western Ontario. Focus on healthy relationships (myths/facts about teen relationships, relationship rights and responsibilities) 2.

Similar strategies may be well suited to reducing PDV because violence prevention benefits most youths and may be enhanced if delivered along with messages that pertain to related risk behaviors that occur in a relational context, such as sexual activity and substance use.


 
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17-Apr-2017 13:47